Power sharing arrangements

Soon after the anti-Tamil violence in 1983, several attempts were made to solve the ethnic conflict, by means of an alternate political arrangement in which greater autonomy would be granted to the Tamil Speaking Peoples. An arrangement was introduced in 1987 consequent to the Indo-Lanka Accord, which also merged the North and East into one province. These changes paved the way for the setting up of Provincial Councils with minimal powers. But the nature of the State was still described as ‘unitary’ and provisions in the 13th Amendment have been used to re-take powers to the Centre. This did not in any way bring about a meaningful arrangement for the sharing of power.